1. The first antenatal visit
After discovering certain signs of pregnancy such as missed menstruation, the pregnancy test shows 2 pregnancy marks that need a prenatal check-up to know how many weeks old your baby is. During this first examination, the doctor will perform a 2D ultrasound to check whether the fetus is inside or outside the uterus. If your baby is still young, you may not have a fetal heart, so you can schedule a follow-up visit again. Normally fetus from 7-8 weeks, fetal heart will appear clearly.
2. Measure the nuchal translucency
When the fetus is at the age of 11-13 weeks, the pregnant woman should have an ultrasound scan of the neck of the neck because after 13 weeks this index will no longer be highly accurate. Therefore, please keep in mind or set a reminder to go to the clinic in time. If the back of the neck is less than 3mm, the baby is less likely to have Down syndrome.
3. Do Double test and Triple test
There are many prenatal screening tests, but the most common are the Double test and the Triple test (triple test). This test kit is capable of screening for common birth defects such as Down, neural tube defects, and brainless fetuses with accurate results up to 94-96%. This test is done very simply by taking the blood of the pregnant mother, without affecting the health of the fetus.
Please note that Double test should be performed at 11 weeks 2 days to 13 weeks 6 days. The Triple test should be done during the 14th week until the 22nd week. In reputable and professional maternity services, these tests have been put into the prenatal checkup process in accordance with the scientific process. to get accurate results and monitor fetal development closely.
4. Blood test
All pregnant women must perform blood tests at the request of a doctor. This test will help you early detect sexually transmitted diseases, HIV / AIDS, hepatitis B, C …
A urine test is also what the doctor asks all pregnant women to do during pregnancy. This is a test to help detect gestational diabetes.This disease has certain effects on the health of the mother and baby, but if detected early, you can adjust it with proper diet and exercise. In addition, if the test shows that you have excess protein in your urine, this is likely a sign of an infection. If pregnant women have symptoms such as high blood pressure, edema shows a high risk of pre-eclampsia.
5. Urine test
A urine test is also what the doctor asks all pregnant women to do during pregnancy. This is a test to help detect gestational diabetes. This disease has certain effects on the health of mothers and babies, but if detected early, you can adjust it with appropriate diet and exercise. In addition, if the test shows that you have excess protein in your urine, this is likely a sign of an infection. If pregnant women have symptoms such as high blood pressure, edema shows a high risk of pre-eclampsia.
6. 4D ultrasound
4D ultrasound will help doctors detect abnormalities in the fetal morphology such as deformities, cleft palates, heart and bone diseases from which timely interventions are applied. 4D ultrasound was performed during the 3-month pregnancy week between 22 to 24 weeks, at this stage the doctor also diagnosed the sex of the fetus.
7. Get a tetanus vaccine
Pregnant women need to get vaccinated 2 tetanus vaccine as directed by the doctor:
– Nose 1: Injected when pregnant is over 22 weeks. Do not inject too early because the fetus is not stable in the early weeks
– 2nd injection: At least 30 days after the first injection and at least 30 days before the birth.
8. Prenatal ultrasound
When pregnant women go through gestational weeks 35-36, prenatal ultrasound should be performed to monitor brain and uterine artery doppler, check umbilical cord, amniotic fluid, …
Your doctor can also give you a Non-stress test to check the baby’s health, the amount of oxygen the fetus receives.
9. Amniocentesis test
Amniocentesis is performed at weeks 15 to 19 during pregnancy. This test helps identify chromosomal disorders, Down syndrome, sickle cell disease, neural tube defects … with accuracy up to 99%. However, the disadvantage of this method is that amniocentesis can increase the risk of miscarriage in a small number of pregnant women, so it should be done in prestigious hospitals.
10. Test the umbilical cord
Umbilical cord testing helps detect chromosomal abnormalities, infections, Down syndrome, genetic disorders, anemia, thrombocytopenia … The greatest advantage of this method is that it is done quickly, If abnormalities are found, the doctor may recommend early intervention.
This test is done during the weeks 18 to 23 of pregnancy. Accordingly, the doctor will insert a small needle into the lining of the uterus to take fetal blood during an ultrasound. Results are usually returned after 3-5 days.
The storage of umbilical cord stem cells according to the international technological process is considered as a biological insurance method, contributing to the treatment of many dangerous diseases that the child may have later.
Biopsy of intercourse
A placental biopsy is done during the first months of pregnancy to detect fetal abnormalities. This procedure is usually done when the father or mother of the baby has a genetic disease, or the mother is pregnant when she is over 35 years old.
The thoracic biopsy can detect Down syndrome chromosomal birth defects, but this test will not be able to check whether the fetal lung has developed, not detect congenital neural tube defects.
Method of intercourse biopsy
Above is the detailed information about 11 tests to detect fetal defects and 3 important milestones that pregnant women need to remember. Typically, most babies who are screened are healthy, only a small number of babies are found to have the disease. Mastering the knowledge of prenatal care check by week of fetus to monitor the baby closely and timely intervention and early treatment to ensure safety for the mother and baby.
There are currently many pre-natal screening packages available, each with a different price. In addition to the cost of ultrasound and basic blood tests, pregnant women can contact directly at 19004566 or visit the website: http://genome.com.vn for advice and information about screening services. Non-invasive prenatal. Check today for peace of mind about the future.